University of South Alabama
Simmons 2014 06.jpg

Dr. Jon Simmons Awarded Two Research Grants

Dr. Jon Simmons, assistant professor of surgery at the University of South Alabama College of Medicine, recently received two grants for his research – one from the American Heart Association and one from the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma. 
The American Heart Association Mentored Clinical & Population Research Award totaled $154,000.

According to Dr. Simmons, more than 50 percent of trauma patients that receive massive blood transfusions develop severe lung inflammation that does not resolve and often leads to death or permanent disability.

A recent study performed by Dr. Simmons at USA determined that blood transfusion products contain varying quantities of mitochondrial DNA fragments, which are very inflammatory to the lung.

See more...

The General Surgical Residency Program

Welcome to the University of South Alabama Department of Surgery.

We hope you find this site useful in your query. The Surgical Residency Program at this institution is traditionally known to produce a well rounded, competent general surgeon who will become certified by the American Board of Surgery. With this end in mind, we strive as faculty to produce fully trained, expert clinicians that are well ingrained with the principles and techniques required of a general surgeon.  USA residents work in an environment devoid of fellows so there is direct interaction between our fellowship trained surgical faculty and the residents.  We have implemented active learning in all conferences, surgical skills labs at our simulation center, and have increased our clinical and basic science research activities.

For our residents, our efforts are aimed to establish competence in all phases of patient care, confidence in delivery of that care, and overall professionalism for which, we as faculty, can be proud.


Apply through ERAS

We are accepting applications by the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS). Deadline for applications is December 1 of the current year. Our program requires USMLE transcripts and a color photo along with all other ERAS documents. 


Residency Description

The University of South Alabama, Department of Surgery sponsors a residency in General Surgery leading to the opportunity to become certified by the American Board of Surgery. This five-year program accepts four categorical interns annually who will go on to finish as chief residents after five years of clinical service. The training program is fully accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). It exposes the Surgical Housestaff to all of the specialties and subspecialties of Surgery.

In order to enhance the educational experience of the residency, rotations at both local Private Institutions and Veterans Affairs Hospitals have been established. We wish to provide sound training in the advanced skills of general surgery for all surgical residents, where they feel confident and are competent in their knowledge and surgical skill sets.

The entire faculty continually strives to incorporate innovative clinical, educational, scientific, and administrative concepts and techniques to improve the educational experience. We want our department to manage educational programs that as faculty we are proud of and committed to. Our aim is to provide a positive and supportive learning climate where individuals, regardless of level, are properly challenged to achieve their maximum potential personally and professionally. Above all, we want satisfaction from the accomplishments of our pupils, as well as the full time and voluntary faculty.


Surgical Residency Objectives

Education of the next generation of surgeons is accomplished best through a multifaceted approach of simulation, didactic opportunities, discussion, hands on experiences and frequent feedback.  A major philosophical change in medical education has occurred in the centennial year of the Carnegie Foundations ground-breaking Flexner reports.  A new Carnegie Foundation Report on Educating Physicians was released (N Engl J Med 2006;355:1339-44).  One major tenet of the report was a call for more "active learning" techniques.  In October 2011, Dean Parmellee MD was invited to the USA College of Medicine to give a conference on one technique of active learning called "Team Based Learning".  Many faculty within the department of Surgery attended this conference.  The Department of Surgery was also represented for more advanced training on the Team Based Learning collaborative meeting in Florida.  Following this background, we initiated a new philosophy in the deliverance of surgical education.  We restructured the design of all conferences to initiate "Active" learning rather than the previous lectures that were passive learning.  The previous lectures are now facilitated discussions based on the pathophysiology and management of surgical conditions.  These case-based discussions in the basic science conferences are facilitated by a different resident each week.  A faculty member with expertise in the area of the topic, along with Dr. Simmons (Associate Program Director), reviews the resident's case-based presentation prior to the conference.  The expert faculty member and Dr. Simmons are present during the educational conference for clarification and extra teaching during the facilitated discussion.  The educational chief resident is also required to review the material and develop a multiple choice test for the residents to take following the answer the multiple-choice test.  The answers are reviewed immediately to ensure maximal learning potential from the exercise.  In July of 2012, we initiated the SCORE curriculum.

We believe that the six core competencies described by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education are at the heart of our teaching and that the practitioners who graduate from this training program should be trained to embrace these competencies as core values in surgery.

  • Patient Care
    Our graduates will demonstrate knowledge of the field of general surgery and technical ability to provide care that is appropriate and effective. Our graduates will be advocates for the promotion of good health and preventive care. In addition, our graduates will be trained to understand the human as well as the scientific aspects of medicine and exhibit compassion for their patients and the families of their patients. They will invest time explaining the plan of care and its possible consequences.
  • Medical Knowledge
    Our graduates will demonstrate a commitment to life-long learning and to studying evolving information in the biomedical, clinical, epidemiological and social-behavioral sciences and the application of this knowledge to patient care.
  • Practice-Based Learning and Improvement
    Our graduates are trained to investigate and evaluate the results of their own practice of medicine, incorporating new scientific evidence and improvements in patient care into their practice as appropriate. They are willing to seek the assistance of their colleagues when necessary to remedy deficiencies in their practice outcomes.
  • Interpersonal and Communication Skills
    Our graduates are trained in effective and respectful information exchange with patients and their families and in productive courteous relationships with other health professionals.
  • Professionalism
    Our graduates are committed to carrying out their responsibilities to their patients as their highest priority. They are taught to be respectful of the diverse characteristics and cultures of their patients. As professionals, they adhere to ethical principles above all else. At all times, they are expected to conduct themselves as ladies and gentlemen first, physicians second and surgeons third.
  • Systems-Based Practice
    Our residents are taught to be aware of the larger context and system of health care and in effectively using system resources to provide care that is of optimal value. We plan our program around clinical rotations, research and educational opportunities in order to achieve appropriate skills in these competencies.

The University of South Alabama Graduate Program in Surgery is a 5 year educational program which includes experience to all of the specialties and subspecialties of Surgery, with clear goals and objectives for each experience.

PGY Level

Rotation

Length

Location

1

Trauma

Night Float

Surgical ICU

Burn ICU

Neurosurgery

GI Surgery/Colorectal

General Surgery

1 Month

2-3 Months

2 Months

1-2 Months

1 Month

1-2 Months

2-3 Months

USA Medical Center

2

GI Surgery

CVT

Night Float

Pediatric Surgery

VA

10 Weeks Each

USA Medical Center

USA Medical Center

USA Medical Center

USA C&W Hospital

VA Medical Center
(Biloxi, Miss.)

3

General Surgery

Trauma

Pediatric Surgery

Surgical Oncology MI

Vascular MI

Transplant - Jackson

10 Weeks

10 Weeks

10 Weeks

10 Weeks

10 Weeks

1 Month

USA Medical Center

USA Medical Center

USA C&W Hospital

Mobile Infirmary

Mobile Infirmary

UMMC
(Jackson, Miss.)

4

Trauma

Night Float

Thoracic & Vascular

10 Weeks Each

USA Medical Center

USA Medical Center

USA Medical Center

5

Lap GI/Oncologic Surgery

Colorectal Surgery

General Surgery

Endocrine/Breast Surgery

2.5 Months Each

USA Medical Center

USA Medical Center

USA Medical Center

USA C&W Hospital

PGY 1 & 2

The First Year Emphasized the Physiologic and Metabolic
  During the first year (PFY 1), exposure is provided to all aspects of pre and postoperative care with emphasis on the physiologic and metabolic problems that occur in all surgical patients.  Operative experience is acquired through presence in the operating room assisting and performing surgical procedures.  There is also extensive experience in the placement and use of invasive monitoring devices.  Rotations in the PGY 1 include Acute Care Surgery, Intensive Care Unit, Plastic Surgery, General Surgery, Neurosurgery, Head and Neck Surgery, Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal and Burns.  These experiences occur at the University of South Alabama Medical Center (USAMC), a tertiary care hospital with a Level 1 Trauma Service, and Regional Burn Unit.  During the PGY 1, residents will complete a self-directed, soft tissue skills lab, gastrointestinal stapling lab, and open surgery skills lab.

The Second Year Focuses on endoscopy, and development of basic operative skills
  In the second year (PGY 2), in addition to rotations on the Acute Care Surgery Service at the USAMC, residents go to the Veteran's Administration Medical Center (VAMC) in Biloxi MS.  Residents will be provided housing and food while at the VAMC, and will obtain experience in the treatment of patients in a managed care setting. In addition to patient care and operating room experience, the resident will obtain an extensive experience in flexible endoscopy. Rotations at USAMC on the GI service and cardiovascular serve provide ample operative experience as surgeon and first assistant. Each resident also rotates at USA Children’s and Women’s Hospital on the pediatric surgical service. Where they develop clinical skills in the pediatric population and add to their case log in less complex pediatric surgical cases.

PGY 3

Increased Responsibility in the Third Year
 
In the third year (PGY 3), the resident will again rotate onto the USAMC's Trauma/Acute Care Surgery, and on the general surgery service when they will increase the complexity of cases performed while acting under the direction of senior level residents.   They also return to CWH's Pediatric Surgery Service where the resident will have increased responsibilities both in patient care and in the operating room and serves as the chief resident on the pediatric surgery service.  Residents obtain exposure to surgery at the Mobile Infirmary Medical Center (MIMC), a large private hospital located 10 minutes from the main University of South Alabama Medical Center. During these rotations, residents will get extensive operating room exposure assisting and performing surgical procedures and experience caring for patients outside of a University based, tertiary care setting. They spend time on the vascular service and on the surgical oncology service.
A transplant rotation is done at the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson Mississippi where they learn about all aspects of surgical care for liver and kidney transplant patient. They are integrated fully into the rotation and learn specific operative techniques for solid organ transplantation.

PGY 4 & 5

Patient Care and Operating Room Experience Mark the Fourth Year

  The emphasis during these rotations is on patient care and operating room experience. The PGY 4 experience will also include senior level rotations on the USAMC's Cardiovascular/thoracic, Acute Care Surgery service and Intensive Care Unit where the resident will have advanced responsibilities including the supervision of the junior residents on these services. They also serve as the chief resident on the night float service and supervise the junior level residents and admit trauma and acute surgical patients. At the end of the PGY 4 year, residents will be expected to have met both the case number and defined category requirements for certification by the American Board of Surgery.
Year Five Emphasizes Health Care Team Leadership and Increased level of operating skill
In the fifth (PGY 5) or Chief year, residents will again rotate to the USAMC's laparoscopic GI/oncology service, the colorectal service, general surgery service and endocrine service where the resident will obtain experience as the leader of a complete health care team including junior residents, nurse practitioners, medical students, and other personnel in addition to obtaining additional experience in patient care and in the operating room. In the Chief year, residents will obtain extensive experience in administration being responsible for work and vacation schedules for the other residents, and in organizing resident educational activities. Operative cases include increasing complex operations often reserved for fellows in other surgical departments.

 

Text Only Options

Change the current font size: larger | default | smaller

Current color mode is Black on White, other available modes: Yellow on Black | Black on Cream

Current color mode is Yellow on Black, other available modes: Black on White | Black on Cream

Current color mode is Black on Cream, other available modes: Black on White | Yellow on Black

Open the original version of this page.