Inflammation and Immunobiology Lab

 

Focus

This lab is currently focused on identification of novel targets in melanoma, and investigating the role of inflammatory and DNA damage pathways in the etiology and progression of non-melanoma skin cancer as well. Dr. Seema Singh's team has discovered a novel role of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in the protection of keratinocytes from UV radiation-induced DNA damage and apoptosis. She is also exploring the role of differential tumor microenvironment in breast cancer racial disparity.

 

SSingh lab resized.jpgFaculty and Staff

Seema Singh, Ph.D.
Associate Professor, Oncologic Sciences

Sachin Deshmukh, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral fellow, 2014-present               

Nikhil Tyagi, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral fellow, 2012-present              

Ahmad Al-Ghandhban
Graduate student, 2016-present

 

Projects

Molecular Causes and Mechanistic Underpinning of Breast Cancer Racial Disparity
African-American women with breast cancer are diagnosed with more aggressive disease, have higher risk of recurrence and a poorer prognosis as compared to Caucasian American women. Despite these recognitions, we still do not have a clear understanding of the biological causes and associated molecular mechanisms involved in such disparity. Emerging data suggest the existence of disparate tumor micro-environment (TME) in breast cancer of African-American and Caucasian American racial backgrounds. However, the underlying molecular basis and its functional impact remain poorly understood. As part of our ongoing research, we have made several novel findings that not only signify the importance of TME-tumor cell interaction, but are also significant from the molecular and mechanistic standpoints. Based on our Preliminary findings, we hypothesize that intrinsic differences in tumor biology contribute to racial disparity in breast cancer, and resistin-LIN28A-(IL6)-STAT3/p-STAT3 serves as an important regulatory loop controlling the aggressive and therapy-resistant phenotypes of breast cancer cells.

 

SSingh model resized.jpgChemoprotective Role of silver Nanoparticles in UV-radiation Induced Skin Carcinogenesis
Ultraviolet (UV)-B radiation from the sun is an established etiological cause of skin cancer, which afflicts more than a million lives each year in the United States alone. We are studying the chemopreventive efficacy of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) against UVB-irradiation-induced DNA damage and apoptosis in human immortalized keratinocytes (HaCaT). We have shown that AgNPs are well tolerated by HaCaT cells and their pretreatment protected them from UVB-irradiation-induced apoptosis along with significant reduction in cyclobutane-pyrimidine-dimer formation. Moreover, AgNPs pre-treatment led to G1-phase cell-cycle arrest in UVB-irradiated HaCaT cells. AgNPs are efficiently internalized in UVB-irradiated cells and localized into cytoplasmic and nuclear compartments. Furthermore, we observed an altered expression of various genes involved in cell cycle, apoptosis and nucleotide-excision repair in HaCaT cells treated with AgNPs prior to UVB-irradiation. Together, these findings provide support for potential utility of AgNPs as novel chemopreventive agents against UVB-irradiation-induced skin carcinogenesis.

 

Funding

5R03CA186233: Chemoprotective role of silver nanoparticles in UV-radiation induced skin carcinogenesis Role: Principal Investigator

Funding Agency: National Institutes of Health/NCI (R03)

Goal: To investigate the chemopreventive efficacy of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in UV radiation-induced skin carcinogenesis.

 

1R01CA204801: Molecular causes and mechanistic underpinning of breast cancer racial disparity

Role: Principal Investigator

Funding Agency: National Institutes of Health/NCI (R01)

Goal: To investigate the role of resistin-LIN28A-(IL6)-STAT3/pSTAT3 regulatory loop controlling the aggressive and therapy-resistant phenotypes of breast cancer racial disparity.

 

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