University of South Alabama

Gastric Band Surgery

Description of the Procedure and Post-Operative Care

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band surgery, like gastric bypass surgery, involves restricting the stomach size. However, the process of restricting differs and is both adjustable and reversible.

Gastric band surgery is done laparoscopically through 4-5 small incisions in the abdomen. A silicone band is placed around the upper part of the stomach which creates a small pouch. The stomach holds less food and induces feeling of satiety.

Gastric band surgery is done in most patients as an outpatient procedure and takes about 1-2 hours of operative time. Many patients are able to return to work 1-2 weeks following gastric band surgery.

The Lap-Band System is adjustable. The silicone band around the stomach is hollow. By adding or removing saline, the band can be made tighter or looser. Adjustments are made to meet individual weight loss needs. The band must be adjusted every 6-8 weeks during the first year after gastric band surgery in order to restrict the amount of food you can eat thereby inducing more satiety and weight loss.

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Advantages of Adjustable Gastric Band Surgery

Gastric band surgery is the least invasive option. It involves no stomach stapling, cutting or intestinal rerouting. Therefore the lap band has the lowest operative complication rate and has a very low risk of malnutrition. The band is adjustable and customized per each patient. It can be removed if deemed necessary.  

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Results of Adjustable Gastric Band Surgery

Gastric band surgery produces much slower initial weight loss than gastric bypass or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The procedure relies on regular follow-up for optimal results. After lap band the patient must make good food choices and return regularly to the surgeon in order to have adjustments to the band made in order to achieve weight loss. Quite simply if you do not return for regular band fills then you will not achieve success.

 

 

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