Bariatric Surgery Terms 

The following list of commonly used bariatric surgery terms is offered to guide you through the vocabulary related to weight loss surgery.

Bariatrics is a field of medicine encompassing the study of obesity, its causes, prevention, and treatment. Baros and iatrike are Greek roots meaning weight and treatment.

Bariatric surgery, or weight loss surgery, describes surgical procedures performed specifically for the purpose of attempting to induce appetite control, weight loss, and long-term dietary modification.

Gastric is a term for anything pertaining to the stomach.

Metabolic Syndrome is a medical condition highly detrimental to your life and at high risk for heart attack or stroke. People with a waist size of 40 inches or more or women with a waist size of 35 inches or more have central or abdominal obesity and are at risk for development of metabolic syndrome. If you have hypertension, diabetes, and elevated cholesterol/triglycerides you may have metabolic syndrome.

Obesity is a physical condition that results from excessive storage of fat in the body. Obesity has been defined as a weight more than 20% above what is considered normal according to the body mass index, which is calculated from an individual's age, height, and weight. Current estimates place more than 35% of Americans in the obese category. The primary reason for alarm is that obesity increases an individual's risk of developing a variety of life-threatening diseases.

Morbid obesity is defined as BMI greater than 35. Having a BMI over 35 is associated with life-threatening diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, cancer, heart attack, stroke, arthritis, asthma, sudden death, sleep disorders, blood clots, liver disease, and premature death. Find out if you are morbidly obese.

Laparoscopic surgery is minimally invasive surgery that has been shown to lower the risk of death and complications compared to open surgery. All bariatric surgery can be done laparoscopically. The surgeon uses trocars inserted through small incisions to pump carbon dioxide into the abdomen and performs the surgery using tiny instruments and an advanced camera inserted through one of the trocars.

Trocars are metal tubes that allow passage of the surgical instruments and cameras that allow the surgeon to perform laparoscopic surgery.

Revisional Surgery is a bariatric procedure performed to correct or modify a previous bariatric procedure.

Weight loss surgery seminars are held every month so you can better understand the bariatric surgery terms and find out if weight loss surgery is right for you. Call (251) 471-7413 for more information.


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